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Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and one of the country's major ports. It was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 BC., and planned by his architect Deinocrates on the same spot of an old village named Rhacotis. It's culturla, spiritual and economical bloom surpassed all expectations and found it's highlight in the location of the legendary lighthouse on the Island of Pharos, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the world. The once world-renowned library of Alexandria, containing 500,000 volumes, was frequently visited


         The Graeco-Roman Museum
This beautiful museum contains about 40,000 exponents, dating back to the beginning of the 3rd century BC. through to the 7th century AD. The collection includes a splendid black granite sculpture of Apis, many statues of Serapis and busts and statues of various Greeks and Romans. There are also sarcophagi, mummies, pottery, bas-reliefs, coins, jewellery and tapestries.

Pompey Pillar

around 297 AD, amidst the Serapeum complex for Diocletian.

               The Tomb of Al-Shatby
The architectural style of this interesting necropolis is built after the model of the old Greek houses. The tombs date back to the 3rd century BC, and are the most ancient tombs so far discovered in Alexandria.

         The Tombs of Moustafa Kamel
These tombs data back to the 3rd century BC and differ from other Ptolemaic tombs in their inscriptions, telling of the daily activities and

The Roman Theatre

lighthouse to build the fort of Mamaluke Sultan Qait Bay. Today it also houses the marine museum.

             Transport to Alexandria
Alexandria can be reached from Cairo daily transportation such as airplane, train and bus. The are also bus connections to Marsa Matruh and Al Alemien.



by philosophers, poets, artists and scientists of all fields of knowledge and was destroyed by fire during the reign of Queen Cleopatra. On the same site a modern library is built on an area of 40,000 square metres.
The city was also the most powerful and prosperous provincial city of the Roman Empire and remained the capital of Egypt for the next 900 years under Ptolemaic, Roman and Byzantine rule. Nowadays, one can visit many monuments of the Graeco-Roman period.


           The Tombs of Kom Al-Shoquafa
These catacombs, the largest known Roman burial site in Egypt, were constructed in the 1st and 2nd century AD, probably as a family crypt. They consist of three stories of tombs and chambers cut into the rock, unique both for their architecture and decoration which is a mixture of Egyptian and Graeco-Roman elements.

                   The Pompey Pillar
The massive nine metres high pillar, was erected in

Pompey Pillar

religious beliefs of the deceased. Four of the subterrenean rock-hewn tombs can still be visited.

                   The Roman Theatre
This small Roman theatre with it's 13 white marble terraces, arranged in a semi-circle is th e only one of it's kind in Egypt. It was discovered quite recently and is situated in the heart of Alexandria.

                  The Fort of Qait Bay
Today's impressive medieval defence fortress of the 15th century, was built at the site of the Pharos lighthouse, using the foundations and debris of the

The Fort of Qait Bay


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